I hope you had a great weekend. Happy New Year! The holidays are over, now back to work!
LRPC’s Monday Morning Minute for this week, “2018 Stock Market Outlook From Schwab” (presented below) comes to you courtesy of Charles Schwab & Co. As an independent, objective Registered Investment Advisory (RIA) firm, Lawton Retirement Plan Consultants, LLC (LRPC) has access to research from many sources. Be assured that I will share enlightening, useful information with you each week.
What do the equity markets here and abroad look like for 2018? Read on below to learn what the experts at Schwab think will happen.
Have a wonderful week!
2018 Stock Market Outlook From Schwab
By Liz Ann Sonders, Jeffrey Kleintop and Brad Sorensen of Charles Schwab
A better-than-expected 2017 appears to be morphing into a solid start to 2018, but it is unlikely to be as smooth a ride. We believe the bull market still has room to run but it could shape up to be a bumpier ride as expectations and sentiment are elevated.
U.S. economic growth appears to be picking up, but with the Federal Reserve tightening policy and inflation likely to heat up, we appear to be in the latter stages of the cycle.
Global markets are also poised to have an unprecedented year of performance; which is unlikely to be repeated, but conditions around the world still look largely supportive of further gains.
What a Year!
The year is in its waning days and barring a bombshell in the last few days of trading, 2017 will go down as one of the most remarkable on record. Few investors expected the S&P 500 to post gains of close to 20% with near-record low volatility while enduring geopolitical tensions, massive natural disasters, political infighting in Washington, and a tighter monetary policy.
This year has demonstrated why it can be detrimental for under-exposed investors to wait for a pullback. As of this writing, we are in the longest period in S&P 500 history without a 3%+ correction, with no move of that size since November 4, 2016.
Another mark of the steadiness of the market in 2017 has been the attention the small pullback we’ve seen lately has gotten — with some media pundits asking whether this marks the beginning of the end. We remain in the no camp, and believe that any pullback or correction would be a healthy development in the context of an ongoing secular bull market.
A smooth ride in 2017
But while we think the bull market still has room to run and investors should remain at their long-term strategic equity allocations, it can be easy to get complacent after a year like this.
We believe the typical Wall Street exercise of publishing year-end stock market targets is of little value to Main Street investors, so we don’t dive into that pool. But we do believe that the secular bull market is intact as we conclude this year, but we expect a bumpier ride in 2018.
The U.S. economy has picked up steam; with back-to-back quarters of 3%+ growth and the Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow showing an estimated 3.2% growth in the current quarter. Additionally, the employment picture is healthy, with claims near record lows, unemployment at 4.1% and solid 228,000 jobs being added in November, according to the Department of Labor.
Further, business and consumer confidence is booming, both the manufacturing and services Institute for Supply Management’s indexes show robust growth, and the Index of Leading Economic Indicators continues to rise. Housing is also picking up again, with housing starts rising nearly 14% last month (Census Bureau), and existing housing inventory is down over 10% year-over-year (National Association of Realtors).
Confidence is booming
But there’s a rub to all the good news. Expectations are becoming elevated and could morph into a bar set too high for actual data to hurdle in 2018. As it is, the Citigroup U.S. Economic Surprise Index is at a level that has historically led to some mean-reversion. We’ve often said it’s both inflection points and relative growth that generally matter more than positive or negative growth in an absolute sense.
In terms of corporate earnings growth, Thomson Reuters’ 2018 S&P 500 consensus earnings forecast is above 11%. Although a boost from tax reform is potentially in the cards, elevated valuations suggest that any disappointment relative to those expectations could bring heightened volatility and/or pullback risk.
The ultimate impact of tax reform on the economy is unknown. Hopes for an infrastructure package seem to be falling as midterm election season heats up early next year. Finally, there is the Robert Mueller investigation wild card, which could also wreak havoc with investor sentiment.
There doesn’t appear to be any waning in the desire by the Federal Reserve to continue normalizing policy. However, with Jerome Powell taking over the Fed chair position in 2018, and several new members set to be appointed, uncertainty is elevated. Judging by the comments from Powell during his confirmation hearings, continuity and transparency are priorities; but if inflation should flare up, or growth start to lag, the Fed may be challenged early in the new regime.
Seeing some red in the year ahead
The positive market vibe wasn’t limited to the United States in 2017. It has also been an impressive year for global stock markets. In fact, a gain for December would make 2017 the first year ever with global stocks up during every month.
After a year with uninterrupted monthly gains, it seems safe to say that 2018 may bring more volatility in global stocks. We may see some red next year, but like the U.S. market, it appears to us that a steep bear market is unlikely. The consistent gains of 2017 were supported by an equally-consistent monthly rise in both actual and estimated earnings for companies in the MSCI All Country World Index.
In 2018, global stocks may again be driven primarily by earnings growth fueled by back-to-back years of growth in all of the world’s 45 largest economies tracked by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD — making up more than 90% of global gross domestic product (GDP) — for the first time in a decade.
Our near-term outlook for global stocks in 2018 is positive. We believe most markets are not too expensive to post further gains in the later stage of the economic cycle, as long as earnings continue to rise with economic growth next year. But in the intermediate-term (including the years 2019-2021) we see a heightened risk for portions of the global economy to experience recessions and bear markets.
The past three global recessions were all caused by the bursting of bubbles: the housing bust led to the financial crisis of 2008-09; the collapse of dotcom stocks triggered the early 2000s recession, and the widespread bank failures of the Savings and Loan crisis and collapse of the Soviet Union preceded the early 1990s recession. But, unlike the last few recessions, the next one may end up being more like those of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, when overheated and extended business cycles came to an end as central banks responded to concerns over inflation pressures by tightening monetary policy.
According to analysis by the Schwab Center for Financial Research, in the later stage of the economic cycle, international stocks have historically outperformed U.S. stocks due to their enhanced cyclicality and inflation sensitivity (since the inception of the MSCI EAFE index in 1969). Despite the favorable near-term environment, we believe investors should keep international stocks at their long-term targets due to the elevated likelihood of an intermediate-term recession and bear market.
Investors are cautioned not to extrapolate 2017’s performance into 2018, and we expect more frequent bouts of volatility. The global bull market is intact, supported by solid global growth and strong corporate earnings. But with the expectations bar now set quite high heading into next year, pullbacks are increasingly possible. Discipline is important looking ahead.
Lawton Retirement Plan Consultants, LLC (LRPC) Monday Morning Minute is crafted to provide decision-makers with important information about the economy, investments and corporate retirement plans in a format that allows a reader to consume the information in less than 60 seconds. As an independent, objective investment adviser, LRPC has access to many sources of research and shares the best and most relevant information with its readers each week.
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